The University of Texas at Austin quietly removed four campus statues honoring the Confederacy on Aug. 21, 2017.
Monuments of generals Robert E. Lee and Albert Sidney Johnston, as well as Confederate politician John Reagan and Texas’ 20th governor, Stephen Hogg, were hauled off campus overnight, just 10 days before fall classes start, The New York Times reported.
Preserving history is important, university president Greg Fenves said in a statement, but the symbolism behind those statues “run counter to the university’s core values.”
“We do not choose our history,” Fenves said. “But we choose what we honor and celebrate on our campus.”
The university’s swift decision comes amid a growing movement to remove Confederate monuments from public spaces.
Last week in Tampa, Florida, donations poured in to move a Confederate monument from the city’s downtown area. Organizers had 30 days to raise adequate funding to get the job done — they raised it in 24 hours.
The day before that, news broke that Baltimore removed all four of its Confederate monuments in a span of hours. The University of Texas followed in the city’s footsteps, taking action in the dead of night.
The push to remove Confederate monuments follows the deadly protest by white supremacists in Charlottesville, Virginia, in reaction to the city’s decision to remove a statue of Robert E. Lee. A believed far-right terrorist allegedly murdered counter-protester Heather Heyer with his car, injuring at least 19 others in the attack. Those events pushed the University of Texas to act.
In his statement, Fenves touched on a vital point about many Confederate monuments that often gets glossed over in the debate surrounding their relevance in today’s society: Those statues aren’t so much about honoring history as they are about upholding racism.
“Erected during the period of Jim Crow laws and segregation, the statues [at UT-Austin] represent the subjugation of African Americans,” Fenves explained. “That remains true today for white supremacists who use them to symbolize hatred and bigotry.”
Most Confederate statues, like the ones in Austin, were constructed with less than admirable intentions several decades after the Civil War.
The Civil War ended in 1865, yet the bulk of Confederate monuments were erected between 1890 and 1940, according to a the Southern Poverty Law Center. Another surge in statue construction occurred during the civil rights era of the 1960s.
Most of the new monuments coincided with “the height of Jim Crow, of state-sanctioned segregation, disfranchisement, and lynching,” Purdue University history professor Caroline Janney explained to Business Insider. Their construction wasn’t so much to preserve history as it was to assert white supremacy in prominent public spaces.
“The fact that they were placed on the grounds of county and state courthouses was intentional,” Karen L. Cox, a professor of history at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, told the Tampa Bay Times. “The message: white men are in charge.”
To be clear, there absolutely should be a place for learning about the Civil War and Confederate leaders.
But it should probably be in classrooms and libraries — not via monuments that idolize the men who fought to uphold slavery.
All these folks worried about erasing history when the Confederate statues come down will be thrilled to learn about the existence of books.
— Jamil Smith (@JamilSmith) August 16, 2017
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